What we do
The Business and Process
The oil palm fruit (looks like a plum) is made up of the outer fleshly mesocarp which gives the palm oil and the kernel (which is inside the hard shell) which gives the palm kernel oil and palm kernel meal/cake. The average recoverable palm oil content from FFB is about 20%. The residues of the FFB i.e. 70% of the gross yield are used as fuel and for mulching.
The Crude Palm Oil yield per hectare is about 2 to 7 tonnes, Palm Kernel Oil yield per hectare is about 0.3 tonnes and Palm Meal/Cake yield per hectare is about 0.4 tonnes.
Crude Palm Oil and Crude Palm Kernel Oil are processed further to produce the following:-
1) Refined, bleached and deodorized palm oil (RBDPO)
2) Refined, bleached and deodorized palm kernel oil (RBDPKO)
3) Palm Stearin
4) Palm Olein
A diagram of the Oil Palm and by-products Production Chain
With regards to Product Scope, EFB Industries’ main products are:-
• Palm Oil
• Palm Kernel Oil
• Palm Kernel Cake or Meal
• Vegetable Oil
The production is in two phases:-
1) Palm Oil (PO), Palm Kernel Oil (PKO) and Palm Kernel Cake or Meal (PKC or PKM) will be processed in the first phase. This will be done in the first 7 years.
2) Olein, Stearin, Vegetable Oil (VO) and Bio-fuel will be processed in the second phase.
The fresh fruit arrives from the field or plantation a bunch or loose fruit. The quantity and quality of the fruits arriving at the processing site will be checked. This is important because the quality standard achieved is initially dependent on the quality of fruits/bunches arriving at the will. The fresh fruit bunch consists of fruit embedded in spikelet’s growing on a main stem.